The need for ongoing development of industrial practices has its causes in several trends. First, the globalization of competition leads to increased pressures on national industries, challenging their ability to change their strategies and practices. Second, existing technological and organizational practices enhance the possibilities for flexible and cost-efficient production of high quality products. The willingness and ability to adopt such practices are of vital importance for national competitiveness. Third, emerging social and environmental demands cause the traditional technological and organizational modes to become increasingly obsolete. In short, manufacturing firms face numerous and serious challenges, and as researchers we need to understand the nature and quality of manufacturing’s responses under different national and industrial contexts. In order to provide the research community with such information, a project has been developed for the investigation of international manufacturing strategies. The aim of the project is to investigate manufacturing strategies and practices in industrialized nations throughout the world.